Selected Works

TV and Audiovisual Appearances
Dr. Fogelman is featured on an episode of The Leon Charney Report that discusses psychology as it relates to Holocaust survivors and their families.
The rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust were motivated for varying reasons. Once a person became a rescuer, a different self was formed. This essay explores their lives before, during and after the war.
Eva Fogelman gives a psychological perspective of the lives of hidden children both during and after the Holocaust.
An exploration of the mourning process as a creative process for female descendants of Holocaust survivors.
An award-winning documentary about the lives of young adults whose parents survived the Holocaust as they grapple with finding out what happened to their parents and how it has shaped their lives.

Terrorizing Women in the Holocaust

August 8, 2018

Tags: Terror, Psychological Dynamics, Women

Dr. Fogelman's article was published in the December 2015 edition of Clio's psyche, which is available for free online at the link attached.

Gitta Sereny, who interviewed the infamous commandant of
Treblinka and Sobibor, Franz Stangl, asked him, “Why, if they
were going to kill them [the Jews] anyway, what was the point of
all the humiliation, why the cruelty?” If Hitler’s aspiration with the
“Final Solution” was a state-sponsored plan to annihilate all European
Jews, how did sexual violence and other forms of torture advance
the ultimate goal? Stangl replied, “To condition those who
actually had to carry out the policies. To make it possible for them
to do what they did.” Auschwitz survivor Primo Levi elaborates
with his own explanation in The Drowned and the Saved (1986):
“Before dying the victim must be degraded, so that the murderer
will be less burdened by guilt. This is an explanation not devoid of
logic but it shouts to heaven: it is the sole usefulness of useless violence.”

Hitler understood the challenges of getting Germans from
all walks of life, ordinary Germans, including policeman who are
supposedly protectors, to kill innocent human beings. The propaganda
machinery was a major and relentless operation from the
very beginning of the Third Reich, whose mission it was to distinguish the Jews as “the other,” and therefore (as psychohistorian
Robert J. Lifton put it) “life unworthy of life.” Adolescents in the
Hitler Youth Movement were taken on weekend retreats to learn
how to shoot animals. Animals were equated with Jews. This process
of dehumanization is the first stage in stripping a person of his
or her identity and community. Social psychologist Herbert Kelman
explains that individuals lose empathy and compassion for the
people whose identity and community they undermine as subhuman.