Conscience and Courage: Rescuers of Jews During the Holocaust
The film Schindler's List
focused attention on people who, at great risk to themselves, helped Jews escape the Nazis. Conscience and Courage
is about those people.
Here are the stories of such little-known individuals as Stefania Podgorska Burminska, a Polish teenager who hid thirteen Jews in her home; Alexander Roslan, a dealer in the black market who kept uprooting his family to shelter three Jewish children in his care; as well as more heralded heroes such as Oskar Schindler himself, Raoul Wallenberg and Miep Gies.
A moving and inspiring book, Conscience and Courage
analyzes the lives of these courageous people in an effort to determine why they chose--and where able--to act as they did.
"Psychological Dynamics in the Lives of Third Generation Holocaust Survivors"
This article is about the psychological dynamics in the lives of the third generation of Holocaust survivors. The main finding is that there is a paradigm shift from the second to the third generation because the world has validated the suffering and resilience of Holocaust survivors. The third generation feels a sense of pride in contrast to the shame of the second. Also, the third generation feels a sense of moral responsibility to remember the genocide. The most important finding is that the third generation is a highly motivated group with a heightened sense of empathy for the suffering of others.
"The Rescuer Self"
"The Rescuer Self" appears in a scholarly collection entitled Holocaust and History: The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed, and the Reexamined
sponsored by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and edited by Michael Berenbaum and Abraham J. Peck. This essay highlights a rare behavior during the Holocaust, that of rescuing Jews at great risk to oneself and one's family. There is not one single motivation or personality type inclined toward this behavior, however there are family background features, values and personal characteristics that may increase the propensity for such altruism.
"The Psychology Behind Being a Hidden Child"
Published in The Hidden Children: The Secret Survivors of the Holocaust
by Jane Marks, a compendium of stories of Jewish children who hid for months and even years under constant terror "in tiny huts, in wretched sewers and closets, in barns, in the woods--any place that might provide the shelter," Eva Fogelman gives a psychological perspective of the lives of hidden children both during and after the Holocaust.
"Transforming a Legacy of Loss"
Published in Daughters of Absence: Transforming a Legacy of Loss
, edited by Mindy Weisel, Eval Fogelman discusses how female descendants of Holocaust survivors grapple with a family history punctuated by outrageous losses that can either be emotionally debilitating or lead to an outpouring of creativity. This creative process is the final stage of mourning which is part of the search for meaning that raises consciousness about murdered family members as well as current human rights abuses.
Breaking the Silence: The Generation After the Holocaust
The Holocaust created a legacy of mourning and pain, not only for those who experienced its horror, but for their children as well. The documentary tells a story of personal growth as the children of Holocaust survivors confront their inheritance of pain, and overcome the silent barriers that separate them from their parents. As the parents and children reach out to each other, the second generation grapples with the question of teaching the Holocaust to their own children. By interweaving poignant dialogues with commentaries by Dr. Robert Jay Lifton, Professor Moshe Waldoks, Professor Menachem Rosensaft, and Professor Helen Epstein, Breaking the Silence
sensitively depicts this healing encounter between two generations. Written and produced by Eva Fogelman.